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Discrepancies in the Lord’s Supper (Communion) Accounts?

This brief essay I wrote for a class examines the differences in the four accounts of what is often called the last supper. I was limited to 1,000 word. Maybe there are some fun and exciting tidbits in here for you, heh heh.   🙄

Introduction

There are four direct references to the Lord’s Supper in scripture. These accounts differ slightly in wording while some add additional content. The differences are minor enough to understand without casting doubt on the legitimacy of any of the four. The church did not seem to dispute the minute details of the discrepancies as much as they did the ecclesiastical implications of the bread and cup, [1] which is not the focus of this paper. It will be argued here that the differences between the four accounts can be reconciled primarily by 1) Understanding when each account was written 2) Understanding why and how the gospels were written. Scripture testifies of itself that it is God breathed,[2] yet God used imperfect men in their own language and context to record the inspired words, therefore scripture incorporates men’s personal understandings and perceptions in its rendering. Continue reading “Discrepancies in the Lord’s Supper (Communion) Accounts?” »

Would you be a Part of a Church with this Belief Statement? Why or why not?

God

God is the creator of all things (Gen 1:1). God’s ways are perfect (Psalms 18:30). God is Spirit (John 4:24). God is love (1 John 4::8) God is without beginning or end, from “everlasting to everlasting” (Psalms 90:2). God is one (Deut 6:4), and beside Him there is no other god and no equal (Isaiah 45:5,). God is holy (Leviticus 11:44), just (Deut 32:4), jealous over his people, an avenger of iniquity (Deut 5:9 merciful, gracious, kind, and slow to anger (Joe 2:13). Continue reading “Would you be a Part of a Church with this Belief Statement? Why or why not?” »

Romans 12:1-8 Exegetical Study : On Spiritual Worship/Reasonable Service in Regards to a Living Sacrifice and Gifts.

*This is a recent essay I wrote for school—limited to 1,000 words 🙁 . Haha, there may be some useful information in there.

Romans 12:1-8 (NASB) Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect. For through the grace given to me I say to everyone among you not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think; but to think so as to have sound judgment, as God has allotted to each a measure of faith. For just as we have many members in one body and all the members do not have the same function, so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. Since we have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, each of us is to exercise them accordingly: if prophecy, according to the proportion of his faith; if service, in his serving; or he who teaches, in his teaching; or he who exhorts, in his exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness. Continue reading “Romans 12:1-8 Exegetical Study : On Spiritual Worship/Reasonable Service in Regards to a Living Sacrifice and Gifts.” »

Sermon Notes : The Comforter – Being Filled With The Holy Spirit

*Part three of a sermon series regarding “The Comforter”. I was tasked with preaching on the Comforter and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

  1. The Holy Spirit indicates how loved and special you are to God.
  2. What does “Comforter” mean?
  3. Being filled with the Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit indicates how loved and special you are to God.

It started with creation. The Spirit of God moved over the face of the waters (Gen 1:2) as God spoke order and beautiful perfection out of darkness. We are all familiar with the story of man’s fall in the garden that brought sin and death upon God’s creation. God, being just, enforced the penalty of man’s transgressions, death. God, being merciful, also made a promise of a future redeemer — the seed of man who would crush Satan (Gen 3:15). Continue reading “Sermon Notes : The Comforter – Being Filled With The Holy Spirit” »

Reflective Writing : Blessed are the Poor in Spirit

I tend to spend a lot of time in doctrine and the epistles. Reading the words of Jesus in my devotion time ­— his sermons in particular — have both reminded me of and challenged me on the powerful simplicity in the instructions Christ himself gives us. I’ve spent a lot of time in Matthew 5:1-12 (the beatitudes) over the last three weeks and will continue to do so in the future. These teachings need to get deeper into my soul. The one scripture that has been my focus more than any other is Matthew 5:3, “‘Blessed are the poor in spirit, For theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven” (NJKV). I’ve sought God on what it means to be “poor in spirit”. I feel it means lacking or deficient in my own spirit. But what does that actually mean for me? Continue reading “Reflective Writing : Blessed are the Poor in Spirit” »

Acts 16 Commentary Pt. 2 : Suffering for His Name’s Sake – Sermon Notes

Acts 16 Commentary Pt. 2[Act 16:6-10 KJV] 6 Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, 7 After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not. 8 And they passing by Mysia came down to Troas. 9 And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us. 10 And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them. Continue reading “Acts 16 Commentary Pt. 2 : Suffering for His Name’s Sake – Sermon Notes” »

Acts 16 Commentary Pt. 1 : At Liberty To Minister – Sermon Notes

Acts 16 At Liberty to MinisterSelfless love empowers true ministry. The love of God’s people will compel his ministers to endure not only physical shackles, but also the self-imposed shackles of worldly ordinances for the sake of others. By the grace of God we have been set at liberty to willingly endure trials, persecutions, and the legalities of this life for his glorious namesake.

 

Pt. 1 Acts 16:1-5

Continue reading “Acts 16 Commentary Pt. 1 : At Liberty To Minister – Sermon Notes” »

The Essential Gospel

What is the Gospel of Jesus Christ?

There is a lot of good news in the Bible, and there are many uplifting and influential stories to tell of Jesus Christ. Jesus had sound moral lessons, was a great help to those in need, was a prophet, a teacher… But if somebody were to ask, “What is the gospel of Jesus Christ?”, what would be the appropriate answer? Or better yet, what essential elements must be included in one’s answer for it to be considered “good news”? The answer to the question, “What is the gospel of Jesus Christ?” is something that should be on the mouth and in the heart of every born-again believer. It is central to salvation. Without the essential elements of the gospel of Jesus Christ all is hopeless, or in the words of Paul, “We are of all men the most pitiable.” (1 Corinthians 15:19).

The Essential Gospel

Without further to-do, one of the most concise descriptions of the gospel of Jesus Christ is 1 Corinthians 15:3-4.

[1Co 15:3-4 NKJV] 3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,

Three elements from this passage (which are expounded on elsewhere in scripture) that are absolutely essential to salvation are

  1. Jesus Christ died for our sins
  2. Jesus Christ rose again and is alive forever more
  3. It was was the Christ (Messiah), the anointed Son of God, who died for our sins according to Old Testament scripture

Continue reading “The Essential Gospel” »

Examining the Deity of Jesus Christ. Two Popular Interpretations: “Oneness” (or Modalism), and “Trinity”. Are either correct?

This study will demonstrate the following:

  1. Introduction: We rarely get a chance to study the unfiltered doctrine of scripture without having already been told what we are supposed to get from it.
  2. Full understanding should not always precede faith. There are truths about Jesus Christ we can and should believe even if understanding is not there.
  3. The definitions of “Oneness” and “Trinity” are very similar yet also different.
  4. There could be some potential issues with rigid traditional “Oneness” teachings. The following beliefs/statements will be challenged:
    1. The Son is not eternal. The Son began at the virgin birth (the incarnation).
    2. Jesus is the name Father.
    3. Jesus Christ the Son is just another manifestation of God, such as the burning bush or voice of God from heaven.
    4. Jesus at the right hand of God is just a metaphor.
    5. There is only one on the throne in Revelation.
    6. Father, Son and Holy Spirit are just three titles of Jesus.
    7. God does not change
  5. Trinitarians have done a poor job representing the deity of Jesus Christ due to 1) a misunderstanding of the original intent of the word “Trinity” 2) miscommunication through the word “persons” 3) learning the creed before experiencing the revelation of scripture.
  6. When one looks at the original intent of the word “person”, and how time works differently with God, a strong case could be made that the difference between “Oneness” and “Trinity” comes down to semantics.

*This study will use the NKJV version of the Bible unless otherwise indicated. Continue reading “Examining the Deity of Jesus Christ. Two Popular Interpretations: “Oneness” (or Modalism), and “Trinity”. Are either correct?” »

Devotions

It’s my Right, but is it Right?

I believe we can get to the point where we delight in putting aside our privileges for the sake of others. It’s a way of loving like Christ loved…

Read Devotion

Qualifications of the First Evangelists

If God qualified witnesses to proclaim the birth of his only begotten Son, how much more will he qualify those bearing the message of a resurrected Savior?

Read Devotion

Accepting God’s Gracious Discipline

We will stumble and fall sometimes, but let us fall into the hands of a loving and restoring God. Even when traveling through our personal Babylon, submitting to God’s directive will always yield the peaceful fruit of righteousness.

Read Devotion

Resolve to Be Content this Year

Have you ever heard the advice, “Don’t shop on an empty stomach”? Likewise, we shouldn’t rush to make promises to ourselves or others without being full of God.

Read Devotion

Taming That Tongue

James doesn’t just tell us to bridle our tongues and leave it at that. He gives us a checklist of traits to judge whether what we are saying is of God or not.

Read Devotion

The Solution to Pride

The opposite of pride is not necessarily humility. Humility can still be self-seeking. What is the solution?

Read Devotion

Was there a Specific Baptismal Formula Given in Scripture?

There is no record in scripture of a baptizer speaking any words over the person being baptized at the time of baptism, i.e. “I now baptize you in the name of…”

The closest we see is an instance were the baptizee called on the name of the Lord at the time of baptism (Paul’s baptism-Acts 22:16), but there is no clear example of “in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit”, “in the name of Jesus” or “into Christ” being spoken by the baptizer as a formula at the time of baptism.

This study will attempt to find if there was a formula given in scripture and what is best for the church to say at baptisms today.

The study will attempt to find a baptismal formula in:

  1. Ceremonial Washings : Formula?
  2. Proselyte Baptism ” Formula?
  3. John’s Baptism : Formula?
  4. Jesus’ Baptism : Formula?
  5. The Great Commission and New Testament (post-resurrection) Baptism : Formula?

Continue reading “Was there a Specific Baptismal Formula Given in Scripture?” »

On Biblical Eldership & Church Government

Two offices and only two offices appear to have been established for church government: elders (or overseers) and deacons. This study will examine the offices that are laid out in scripture and how certain gifts can function within these offices. This is beneficial for anyone attempting to  re-structure or plant a Christian church that imitates the churches read about in scripture. It is also important for anyone seeking for spiritual gifts to flow as effectively as possible.

Continue reading “On Biblical Eldership & Church Government” »